The IELTS exam consists of 4 different sections – Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing. There are two separate tasks in the Writing section.
Task 2 requires the candidate to write a formal essay of minimum 250 words in length responding to a problem, argument or point of view.
Many candidates find themselves confused or unsure regarding the first writing task. Without sufficient information and understanding, candidates may face more difficulty during the exam. Here is everything you need to know about the IELTS Writing Task 1.
Firstly, the candidate must write a summary of minimum 150 words in length as a response to a graph, table, process or chart that is presented. Secondly, the graph can be a bar, line or pie graph. A process consists of how something is done.
The task presents the candidate with factual information. They must describe the main features of the data. More importantly, the candidate must ideally spend approximately 20 minutes on this task.
Essentially, the task assesses the candidate’s proficiency in various things such as –
- Selecting and describing the most important features
- Reporting and comparing data
- Recognize significance and trends in fact-based information
- Describing a process
- Obtain and provide factual information
- Communicate likes, dislikes, needs and wants
- Express opinions
Before your exam, keep the following points in mind –
- Understand the marking pattern of the exam
- Analyze the graph and identify general key features to understand how you can structure your report
- Paraphrase the question in the first paragraph by using synonyms
- Choose 3 or 4 main features from the data and write a general overview for the first paragraph
- In the next paragraph, support the main features using the data given to you
- Check your summary for spelling and grammar mistakes, and make sure that the information is accurate
During the exam, you may feel like the information is too much or too little to write 150 words. In this situation, there is no need to get hassled. Moreover, the whole purpose of this task is to evaluate your ability to differentiate and describe the trends and changes you see in the data. If the information is less, write in detail. However, if the information is too much, try and stick to a few key changes or trends. With that, you are all set!
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